Coronaviruses are viruses that cause different diseases from the common cold to severe respiratory diseases, They are zoonotic viruses transmitted between animals and people. It has different known strains causing severe illness like SARS-Cov ( severe acute respiratory syndrome) which transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-Cov ( middle east respiratory syndrome) which transmitted from camels to humans.
COVID-19 is a new strain that appeared in Wuhan city in China. It has a high mortality rate among older people, it is caused by SARA-CoV-2 which named COVID-19. If you contact an infected person you should take care and notice symptoms in order to seek appropriate health care, it usually appears from 2 days to 2 weeks.
It is a zoonotic disease, it transmitted first from animals to human then from person to person. It spreads among humans through respiratory droplets when the patient cough or sneeze, those droplets cause infection through inhalation. Infection risk increase if you exposed to patient saliva or droplets when the patient cough or sneeze.
2- Breath shortness.
4- In serve cases: pneumonia, kidney failure and death.
If you are sick stay at home, limit home visits and contact your doctor for medical advice. older people and chronic disease patients are in great danger if they are infected with coronavirus, protection is essential.
It is a viral infection so diagnosis will be the same in viral disease infection, diagnostic tests are saliva, mucus, blood and tissue samples.
Until now there are no treatments or vaccines approved for COVID-19 but other coronaviruses like MERS and SARA have vaccines. Medical interference includes symptoms and complications treatments like steroids for lung swelling, analgesics for pain or headache and ventilation to support breathing.
1- severe fatigue.
2- Myalgia ( severe muscle pain).
3- Cardiac arrhythmia.
4- acute respiratory distress syndrome ( ARDS).
5- Kidney failure.
6- Heart attack.
1- wash your hand regularly.
2- cover your mouth during sneezing or coughing.
3- Avoid crowded areas.
4- limit home visits.
5- Avoid any direct contact with any person suffering from respiratory symptoms.
6- Clean objects you touch regularly with disinfectants.
7- Do not touch your face, eye, mouth or nose with dirty hands.
8- If you have to deal with a person with respiratory symptoms lead at least 1-meter distance between you and him.
To conclude, avoid direct contact with patients. Protection is a must to avoid infection, use a tissue to cover your mouth during coughing and sneezing. We hope speedy recovery for all patients and our consolidation for all victim’s families.
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To understand the difference between coronavirus, hantavirus, and influenza virus symptoms and complications please follow this link:
To know precautions during infectious diseases outbreaks please follow this link: