The thyroid gland is a type of endocrine gland, as the endocrine glands are found throughout the body and secrete their hormones to the blood directly. This gland has a large and essential role in our bodies, it has various functions such as growth, movement, reproduction processes, and also metabolism. In this article, we will talk about the thyroid gland functions.
What do you mean by thyroid gland?
The thyroid” is a gland of the most prominent endocrine glands in the body and resembles a butterfly and consists of two lobes and located in the front part of the neck. The lobes connected by a bridge called the isthmus. It is located in both men and women, where many problems of health can occur due to the occurrence of imbalance in its functions, and there are two types of dysfunction in the functions of the gland name hyperthyroidism that occurs when the gland produces the hormones in high amount and hypothyroidism that occurs when the gland unable to secrete hormones in the right amount or release the hormones in low amount.
What are thyroid functions?
The primary function of the thyroid gland is hormonal secretion (thyroxine and tri-iodothyronine) where hormones have many functions in our bodies.
Throid gland homones functions:
1- Provide energy and heat to the body’s cells to regulate a lot of body functions.
2-The thyroid gland plays an important role in physical and sexual development, as the lack of secretion of its hormones causes significant developmental delays.
3-It also regulates the functioning of the digestive system and metabolic processes (metabolism).
4- Thyroid hormones increase heart rate and heart pumping blood, promote vasodilation, increase blood flow to many organs of the body.
For hypothyroidism symptoms in adults and kids check this article: